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Scales for Assessing Emotional Disturbance–Third Edition

Michael H. Epstein, EdD, Douglas Cullinan, Corey D. Pierce, Jacqueline Huscroft-D'Angelo, and Jessica J. Wery

Identifies individuals with emotional disturbance
Paper and pencil
Age range:
5 years to 18 years
2-25 minutes
Qualification level:
A degree from an accredited 4-year college or university in psychology, counseling, speech-language pathology, or a closely related field plus satisfactory completion of coursework in test interpretation, psychometrics and measurement theory, educational statistics, or a closely related area; or license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests. Close

The SAED-3 assists you in identifying students with emotional disturbance (ED). The SAED includes a 45-item rating scale, a 10-item screener, a supplemental Screener Decision Summary Form, a Developmental/Educational Questionnaire, and an Observation Form. These components can be used alone or in combination to create IEP goals, supplement functional behavior assessments, document progress, and facilitate research.

  • The Rating Scale is a reliable, standardized, norm-referenced instrument that contains five core subscales (Inability to Learn, Relationship Problems, Inappropriate Behavior, Unhappiness or Depression, and Physical Symptoms or Fears) and one supplemental subscale (Socially Maladjusted). It can be completed by educators familiar with the student’s behavior for at least 2 months. Each item is rated on a 4-point scale: 0, not a problem; 1, mild problem; 2, considerable problem; or 3, severe problem.

  • The Screener is a 10-item rating scale that helps identify students who are at risk for ED. It can be completed for an individual or for groups of students by educators who are familiar with the behavior of the student(s). Each item is rated on a 4-point scale: 0, not a problem; 1, mild problem; 2, considerable problem; or 3, severe problem.

  • The Developmental/Educational Questionnaire is designed to gather information from the student’s parent or other primary caregiver.

  • The Observation Form is a supplemental tool that relies on direct observation methods to assess students’ classroom behavior and emotional problems. It measures five characteristics of ED.

  • The SAED-3 was normed on 1,430 students from 23 states.