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Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale, 2nd Edition

William M. Reynolds, PhD

Identifies depressive symptoms in adolescents
Paper and pencil, Online administration and scoring via PARiConnect
Age range:
11 years to 20 years
5-10 minutes
Qualification level:
A degree from an accredited 4-year college or university in psychology, counseling, speech-language pathology, or a closely related field plus satisfactory completion of coursework in test interpretation, psychometrics and measurement theory, educational statistics, or a closely related area; or license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests. Close

This 30-item self-report measures the four basic dimensions of depression: Dysphoric Mood, Anhedonia/Negative Affect, Negative Self-Evaluation, and Somatic Complaints. The RADS-2 standard scores and associated clinical cutoff score provide an indication of the clinical severity of the individual’s depressive symptoms.

Features and benefits

  • A Depression Total score represents the overall severity of depressive symptomatology.
  • An empirically derived clinical cutoff score helps to identify adolescents who may be at risk for a depressive disorder or a related disorder. Data demonstrate the ability of this cutoff score to discriminate between adolescents with major depressive disorder and an age- and gender-matched control group.

Test structure

  • The six RADS-2 critical items are those that have been identified as being most predictive of a depressive disorder diagnosis.
  • Scores are plotted on a Summary/Profile Form, allowing comparison of elevations across subscales.

Technical information

  • Standardized with a school-based sample of 3,300 adolescents that was stratified to reflect 2000 U.S. Census data for gender and ethnicity.
  • Reliability and validity studies included a school-based sample of more than 9,000 adolescents and a clinical sample of adolescents with DSM-III-R™ or DSM-IV™ diagnoses who were evaluated in both school and clinical settings.

Short form also available

The RADS-2:SF serves as a very brief screening measure of depression in adolescents. Symptom content is consistent with a wide range of sources, including the DSM-IV™ and ICD-10.

  • Assesses the frequency of symptoms that are positive psychopathological signs of a depressive disorder.
  • One critical item helps to alert you that your client may require immediate clinical attention.
  • A total score and clinical cutoff quickly determine those in need of further treatment.