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Survey of Pain Attitudes

Mark P. Jensen, PhD, and Paul Karoly, PhD

Assesses patients' attitudes and beliefs about pain
Paper and pencil, Online administration and scoring via PARiConnect
Age range:
21 years to 80 years
10-15 minutes
Qualification level:
A degree, certificate, or license to practice in a health care profession or occupation, including (but not limited to) the following: medicine, neurology, nursing, occupational therapy and other allied health care professions, physician's assistants, psychiatry, social work; plus appropriate training and experience in the ethical administration, scoring, and interpretation of clinical behavioral assessment instruments. Certain health care providers may be eligible to purchase selected "B" and "C" level instruments within their area of expertise. Specifically, relevant supervised clinical experience using tests (i.e., internship, residency, etc.) in combination with formal coursework ( i.e., Tests and Measurement, Individual Assessment, or equivalent) qualifies a health care provider to purchase certain restricted products. Any PAR Customer already qualified to purchase a "B" or "C" level product, is also qualified to purchase an "S" level product. If you are not already qualified to purchase a "B"or "C" level product from PAR, please download and complete the special Qualification Form for Medical and Allied Health Professionals. (You will need Adobe Acrobat to view.) Close

The SOPA helps you understand the pain-related beliefs of your chronic pain patients.

Both adaptive and maladaptive beliefs are assessed

  • Adaptive Beliefs scales consist of Control and Emotion; Maladaptive Beliefs scales consist of Disability, Harm, Medication, Solicitude, and Medical Cure.
  • Patients are asked to indicate their level of agreement with 57 statements using a 5-point Likert scale.
  • Can be used in a variety of testing situations, including pretreatment screening to determine treatment necessity, pretreatment and posttreatment to determine treatment effectiveness, and periodic reevaluations to document treatment progress.

Easily detect elevations and monitor progress

  • The Profile Form includes a skyline for clinically elevated scores and treatment goals.
  • Reliable change scores help you determine the significance of differences between scores obtained on two different testing occasions (e.g., pretreatment vs. posttreatment).
  • A validity scale is included to measure inconsistency of responses.
  • Norms are based on a sample of 415 patients with chronic pain.
  • Validity is discussed in terms of evidence based on intercorrelations among the scales, correlational analyses examining the relationships between SOPA scores and scores on related measures (i.e., mental health/psychological functioning, physical dysfunction/disability, medical utilization), and the use of the SOPA as a measure of treatment outcome.