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SOPA™

Survey of Pain Attitudes™

Mark P. Jensen, PhD, and Paul Karoly, PhD

Purpose:
Assesses patients' attitudes and beliefs about pain
Format:
Paper and pencil, Online administration and scoring via PARiConnect, Software
Age range:
21 years to 80 years
Time:
Approximately 10-15 minutes
Qualification level:
C
C
All qualifications for Level B plus an advanced professional degree that provides appropriate training in the administration and interpretation of psychological tests, or license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests. Close

The SOPA helps you understand the pain-related beliefs of your chronic pain patients.

Both adaptive and maladaptive beliefs are assessed

  • Adaptive Beliefs scales consist of Control and Emotion; Maladaptive Beliefs scales consist of Disability, Harm, Medication, Solicitude, and Medical Cure.
  • Patients are asked to indicate their level of agreement with 57 statements using a 5-point Likert scale.
  • Can be used in a variety of testing situations, including pretreatment screening to determine treatment necessity, pretreatment and posttreatment to determine treatment effectiveness, and periodic reevaluations to document treatment progress.

Easily detect elevations and monitor progress

  • The Profile Form includes a skyline for clinically elevated scores and treatment goals.
  • Reliable change scores help you determine the significance of differences between scores obtained on two different testing occasions (e.g., pretreatment vs. posttreatment).
  • A validity scale is included to measure inconsistency of responses.
  • Norms are based on a sample of 415 patients with chronic pain.
  • Validity is discussed in terms of evidence based on intercorrelations among the scales, correlational analyses examining the relationships between SOPA scores and scores on related measures (i.e., mental health/psychological functioning, physical dysfunction/disability, medical utilization), and the use of the SOPA as a measure of treatment outcome.

Scoring software available

A unique program, the CPCI/SOPA-SP provides scores and reports for both the SOPA and the Chronic Pain Coping Inventory™ (CPCI™) after hand-entry of demographic information and CPCI or SOPA item responses or scale raw scores. The program generates a score report and a longitudinal report for each measure, comparison of which can help you determine the relationship between your patient’s pain-related beliefs and his or her pain coping strategies.