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Ruff 2 & 7 Selective Attention Test

Ronald M. Ruff, PhD, and C. Christopher Allen, PhD

Measures sustained attention and selective attention
Paper and pencil
Age range:
16 years to 70 years
5 minutes
Qualification level:
A degree from an accredited 4-year college or university in psychology, counseling, speech-language pathology, or a closely related field plus satisfactory completion of coursework in test interpretation, psychometrics and measurement theory, educational statistics, or a closely related area; or license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests. Close

The Ruff 2 & 7 tests consists of a series of 20 trials of a visual search and cancellation task. The respondent detects and marks through all occurrences of the two target digits: 2 and 7.

Test structure

  • In the 10 Automatic Detection trials, the target digits are embedded among alphabetical letters that serve as distractors. In the 10 Controlled Search trials, the target digits are embedded among other numbers that serve as distractors.
  • Correct hits and errors are counted for each trial and serve as the basis for scoring the test.
  • Accuracy scores evaluate the number of targets identified in relation to the number of possible targets.

Technical information

  • Results of reliability analyses suggest high internal consistency and high split-half reliability for all 2 & 7 Test measures.
  • Convergent and discriminant validity demonstrate that sustained attention is captured by the combination of 2 & 7 Test Speed and Accuracy scores.

Note: Stopwatch is required for administration.