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RADS-2™ and RADS-2™:SF

Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale, 2nd Ed. and Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale, 2nd Ed. Short Form

William M. Reynolds, PhD

Identifies depressive symptoms in adolescents
Paper and pencil, Online administration and scoring via PARiConnect
Age range:
11 years to 20 years
5-10 minutes
Qualification level:
A degree from an accredited 4-year college or university in psychology, counseling, speech-language pathology, or a closely related field plus satisfactory completion of coursework in test interpretation, psychometrics and measurement theory, educational statistics, or a closely related area; or license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests. Close

This 30-item self-report measures the four basic dimensions of depression: Dysphoric Mood, Anhedonia/Negative Affect, Negative Self-Evaluation, and Somatic Complaints. The RADS-2 standard scores and associated clinical cutoff score provide an indication of the clinical severity of the individual’s depressive symptoms.

Features and benefits

  • A Depression Total score represents the overall severity of depressive symptomatology.
  • An empirically derived clinical cutoff score helps to identify adolescents who may be at risk for a depressive disorder or a related disorder. Data demonstrate the ability of this cutoff score to discriminate between adolescents with major depressive disorder and an age- and gender-matched control group.

Test structure

  • The six RADS-2 critical items are those that have been identified as being most predictive of a depressive disorder diagnosis.
  • Scores are plotted on a Summary/Profile Form, allowing comparison of elevations across subscales.

Technical information

  • Standardized with a school-based sample of 3,300 adolescents that was stratified to reflect 2000 U.S. Census data for gender and ethnicity.
  • Reliability and validity studies included a school-based sample of more than 9,000 adolescents and a clinical sample of adolescents with DSM-III-R™ or DSM-IV™ diagnoses who were evaluated in both school and clinical settings.

Short form also available

The RADS-2:SF serves as a very brief screening measure of depression in adolescents. Symptom content is consistent with a wide range of sources, including the DSM-IV™ and ICD-10.

  • Assesses the frequency of symptoms that are positive psychopathological signs of a depressive disorder.
  • One critical item helps to alert you that your client may require immediate clinical attention.
  • A total score and clinical cutoff quickly determine those in need of further treatment.