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Emotional Disturbance Decision Tree™–Self Report Form

Bryan L. Euler, PhD

Assesses emotional disturbance from the child or adolescent's perspective
Paper and pencil
Age range:
9 years to 18 years
20 minutes to administer; 10 minutes to score
Qualification level:
A degree from an accredited 4-year college or university in psychology, counseling, speech-language pathology, or a closely related field plus satisfactory completion of coursework in test interpretation, psychometrics and measurement theory, educational statistics, or a closely related area; or license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests. Close

The third in the EDDT series, the EDDT-SR is a standardized, norm-referenced assessment designed to assist in the identification of children who qualify for the federal special education category of emotional disturbance (ED). The EDDT-SR is completed by children and adolescents ages 9-18 years and is intended to be used in conjunction with EDDT parent and/or teacher versions to develop a well-rounded picture of an individual's functioning.

Features and benefits

  • Based on the criteria presented in the Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA) with scales that map directly onto this criteria. Provides a standardized approach to help clinicians obtain a child's perspective of his or her functioning in IDEA areas.
  • Additional analysis and scores have been developed for all three EDDT versions including base rates for discrepancies between raters and reliable change scores.
  • Brief vignettes are included that aid clinicians in troubleshooting problems that may occur when using self-report measures and help illustrate how to use self-report data in conjunction with other assessment and interview data.

Test structure

  • Likert-style response format asks individuals to respond to 136 items.
  • Emotional Disturbance Characteristics scales include Inability to Build or Maintain Relationships, Inappropriate Behaviors or Feelings, Pervasive Mood/Depression, and Physical Symptoms or Fears.
  • Clusters include Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Possible Psychosis/Schizophrenia, and Social Maladjustment.
  • The Level of Severity Cluster indicates the severity of the emotional-behavioral problems a child is facing.
  • The Motivation cluster and Resilience scale measure student strengths, allowing the individual to communicate positive information about him- or herself and helping to give insight into mitigating factors that may help the child or adolescent.
  • Multi-Rater Summary Forms can be used in conjunction with the EDDT and EDDT-PF to review responses from multiple raters over time to create a well-rounded picture of an individual's functioning.

Technical information

  • The normative sample of 614 children and adolescents was well matched to U.S. Census statistics. In addition, data were collected from 162 children with an ED diagnosis.
  • Internal consistency and test-retest reliability was high for the scales and clusters. Interrater reliability was good for the total score.
  • Convergent validity was examined with the BASC-2 SRP.
  • Validity samples were collected with four groups of children representing various special education exceptionalities, including specific learning disabilities, ADHD, psychosis, and social maladjustment.

Also available in Spanish!

The EDDT-SR Item Booklet and Response Booklets are available in Spanish to facilitate use with Hispanic/Latino students.