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The MMSE is a brief, quantitative measure of cognitive status in adults. It can be used to screen for cognitive impairment, to estimate the severity of cognitive impairment at a given point in time, to follow the course of cognitive changes in an individual over time, and to document an individual's response to treatment.
The standard MMSE form published by PAR is based on its original 1975 conceptualization, with minor subsequent modifications by the authors. The MMSE has demonstrated validity and reliability in psychiatric, neurologic, geriatric, and other medical populations. The convenient new "all-in-one" test form includes a detachable sheet with stimuli for the Comprehension, Reading, Writing, and Drawing tasks. The form also includes alternative item substitutions for administration in special circumstances.
The MMSE has been recommended for the screening of cognition in depressed patients (Special Report, Expert Consensus Guideline Series, Postgraduate Medicine, October 2001).
The Clinical Guide by Marshal F. Folstein, MD, Susan E. Folstein, MD, and Gary Fanjiang, MD describes the development, validation, administration, and interpretation of the MMSE. Normative data (T scores) for age and education groups are provided in the Appendix as a supplement to the traditional interpretation of the MMSE raw scores.
The following authorized translations of the MMSE are currently available:
Chinese for Hong Kong
Chinese for Malaysia
Chinese for Singapore
Chinese for Taiwan
South African English
To use a modified version of the MMSE, including a modified format or translation, please download and complete the Permission Request Form.
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