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Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale, Second Edition

Cecil R. Reynolds, PhD, and Bert O. Richmond, EdD

Measures the level and nature of anxiety as experienced by children and adolescents
Paper and pencil
Age range:
6 years to 19 years
10-15 minutes; less than 5 minutes for Short Form
Qualification level:
All qualifications for Level B plus an advanced professional degree that provides appropriate training in the administration and interpretation of psychological tests, or license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests. Close

The RCMAS-2 can be used to evaluate children for academic stress, test anxiety, peer/family conflicts, and drug problems. It is also useful in assessing anxiety levels in the classroom or in social situations.

Focuses on performance and social anxiety

  • The RCMAS-2 is composed of 49 items that make up five scales: Physiological Anxiety, Defensiveness, Worry, Inconsistent Responding, and Social Anxiety.
  • A brief, simple yes-or-no response format, an elementary reading level, and content-based item clusters help to pinpoint children’s problems and to focus intervention.
  • A convenient, 10-item short form is ideal for use in screening situations or when clinical time is limited.
  • Ethnically diverse norms (N = >2,300) and new items better reflect children’s experience of anxiety in today’s world. Norms are presented separately for three age groups: 6-8 years, 9-14 years, and 15-19 years.