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Stroop Color and Word Test

Charles Golden, PhD

Purpose:
Differentiates between non-brain-damaged psychiatric and brain-damaged patients
Format:
Paper and pencil
Age range:
15 years to 90 years
Time:
5 minutes (timed)
Qualification level:
C
C
All qualifications for Level B plus an advanced professional degree that provides appropriate training in the administration and interpretation of psychological tests, or license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests. Close

The Stroop Color and Word Test is based on the observation that individuals can read words much faster than they can identify and name colors. The cognitive dimension tapped by the Stroop is associated with cognitive flexibility, resistance to interference from outside stimuli, creativity, and psychopathology—all of which influence the individual’s ability to cope with cognitive stress and process complex input. It measures cognitive processing and provides valuable diagnostic information on brain dysfunction and cognition.

Useful as a screener or as part of a general battery

  • The test-taker reads color words or names ink colors from different pages as quickly as possible within a time limit.
  • The test yields three scores based on the number of items completed on each of the three stimulus sheets. An Interference score is useful in determining the individual’s cognitive flexibility, creativity, and reaction to cognitive pressures.

Note: Stopwatch is required for administration.