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Vocabulary Assessment Scales–Expressive® and Vocabulary Assessment Scales–Receptive®

Rebecca Gerhardstein Nader, PhD

Measures vocabulary and oral language development and provides an alternative way to assess overall intellectual ability
Paper and pencil, Online scoring via PARiConnect
Age range:
2 years, 6 months to 95 years
15-20 minutes each
Qualification level:
All qualifications for Level B plus an advanced professional degree that provides appropriate training in the administration and interpretation of psychological tests, or license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests. Close

The VAS offers an alternative measure of overall intellectual ability for students who may have difficulty with traditional IQ tests. It is a picture vocabulary test that uses modern, engaging stimuli to measure expressive and receptive language throughout the age range.

Features and benefits

  • The only picture vocabulary test that provides both an expressive/receptive score and a composite score.
  • The only picture vocabulary test that provides reliable change scores.
  • Requires no reading or writing and minimal motor skills.
  • Features less complicated basal and ceiling rules than similar measures, so it's easier to administer and score.
  • The only picture vocabulary test that uses full-color digital photographs instead of outdated line drawings.

Test structure

  • The VAS-E presents a single picture along with a verbal prompt (e.g., “What is this?”). Examinees are required to verbally provide a single-word response.
  • The VAS-R presents a set of four picture stimuli and asks examinees to select the picture that best corresponds to the word spoken by the examiner.
  • Scoring is available 24/7 on PARiConnect, our online assessment platform.

Technical information

  • Large normative sample (N = 2,678) from 30 states is based on 2009 U.S. Census statistics.
  • Normative data is provided for 28 different age groups and for Grades K-12 (spring and fall).
  • Validity was measured in 13 groups (N = 544).