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Stress Index for Parents of Adolescents

Peter L. Sheras, PhD, and Richard R. Abidin, EdD; Professional Manual by Peter L. Sheras, PhD, Richard R. Abidin, EdD, and Timothy R. Konold, PhD

Identifies stressful areas in parent–adolescent interactions in parents of adolescents ages 11-19 years
Paper and pencil, Online administration and scoring via PARiConnect
Age range:
11 years to 19 years
20 minutes
Qualification level:
A degree from an accredited 4-year college or university in psychology, counseling, speech-language pathology, or a closely related field plus satisfactory completion of coursework in test interpretation, psychometrics and measurement theory, educational statistics, or a closely related area; or license or certification from an agency that requires appropriate training and experience in the ethical and competent use of psychological tests. Close

The SIPA is a screening and diagnostic instrument that identifies areas of stress in parent–adolescent interactions, allowing examination of the relationship of parenting stress to adolescent characteristics, parent characteristics, the quality of the adolescent–parent interactions, and stressful life circumstances.

  • Areas of parent-focused inspection include life restrictions, relationship with spouse/partner, social alienation, and incompetence/guilt.
  • Areas of adolescent-focused inspection include moodiness/emotional lability, social isolation/withdrawal, delinquency/antisocial, and failure to achieve or persevere.
  • Useful for family counseling, forensic evaluations for adolescent custody, identification of dysfunctional parent-adolescent systems, prevention programs designed to reduce parental stress, and intervention and treatment planning in high stress areas.
  • This upward age extension of the third edition of the Parenting Stress Index (PSI-3) contains 112 items and is written at a fifth-grade reading level.
  • Normative data were derived from 778 parents of adolescents from the general population and a clinical sample of 159 parents of adolescents who had received a DSM-IV diagnosis.
  • Internal consistency coefficients range from .80 to .90.
  • Test-retest reliability coefficients for the subscales range from .74 to .91.