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MMSE®

Mini-Mental State Examination

Marshal F. Folstein, MD, Susan E. Folstein, MD, and Paul R. McHugh, MD

Purpose:
Assesses cognitive functioning
Format:
Paper and pencil
Age range:
18 years to 85 years
Time:
10-15 minutes to administer; 5 minutes to score
Qualification level:
S
S
A degree, certificate, or license to practice in a health care profession or occupation, including (but not limited to) the following: medicine, neurology, nursing, occupational therapy and other allied health care professions, physician's assistants, psychiatry, social work; plus appropriate training and experience in the ethical administration, scoring, and interpretation of clinical behavioral assessment instruments. Certain health care providers may be eligible to purchase selected "B" and "C" level instruments within their area of expertise. Specifically, relevant supervised clinical experience using tests (i.e., internship, residency, etc.) in combination with formal coursework ( i.e., Tests and Measurement, Individual Assessment, or equivalent) qualifies a health care provider to purchase certain restricted products. Any PAR Customer already qualified to purchase a "B" or "C" level product, is also qualified to purchase an "S" level product. If you are not already qualified to purchase a "B"or "C" level product from PAR, please download and complete the special Qualification Form for Medical and Allied Health Professionals. (You will need Adobe Acrobat to view.) Close

The MMSE is a brief, quantitative measure of cognitive status in adults. It can be used to screen for cognitive impairment, to estimate the severity of cognitive impairment at a given point in time, to follow the course of cognitive changes in an individual over time, and to document an individual's response to treatment.

The standard MMSE form published by PAR is based on its original 1975 conceptualization, with minor subsequent modifications by the authors. The MMSE has demonstrated validity and reliability in psychiatric, neurologic, geriatric, and other medical populations. The convenient new "all-in-one" test form includes a detachable sheet with stimuli for the Comprehension, Reading, Writing, and Drawing tasks. The form also includes alternative item substitutions for administration in special circumstances.

The MMSE has been recommended for the screening of cognition in depressed patients (Special Report, Expert Consensus Guideline Series, Postgraduate Medicine, October 2001).

MMSE Clinical Guide with Pocket Norms Card

The Clinical Guide by Marshal F. Folstein, MD, Susan E. Folstein, MD, and Gary Fanjiang, MD describes the development, validation, administration, and interpretation of the MMSE. Normative data (T scores) for age and education groups are provided in the Appendix as a supplement to the traditional interpretation of the MMSE raw scores.

Authorized Foreign Language Translations of the MMSE

The following authorized translations of the MMSE are currently available:

Afrikaans
Albanian
Arabic
Argentinean Spanish
Armenian
Austrian German
Basque
Belgian Dutch
Belgian French
Bengali
Bosnian
Brazilian Portuguese
Bulgarian
Chilean Spanish
Chinese
Chinese for Hong Kong
Chinese for Malaysia
Chinese for Singapore
Chinese for Taiwan
Croatian
Czech
Danish
Dutch
Estonian
Farsi
Filipino
Finnish
French
French Canadian
German
Greek
Gujarati
Hebrew
Hindi
Hungarian
Indian English
Israeli English
Italian
Japanese
Kannada
Korean
Latvian
Lithuanian
Macedonian
Malay
Malayalam
Marathi
Norwegian
Polish
Portuguese
Punjabi
Romanian
Russian
Serbian
Slovak
Slovene
Sotho
South African English
Spanish
Swedish
Tamil
Telugu
Thai
Turkish
UK English
Ukrainian
Urdu
U.S. Spanish
Vietnamese



























In order to use a modified version of the MMSE, including a modified format or translation, please download and complete the Permission Request Form.